In Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us, Dan Pink describes the problems with if/then reward/punishment extrinsic motivation and details three core components of intrinsic motivation: autonomy, mastery, and purpose. The concepts in this book will help you improve you and your team be intrinsically motivated by creating balance, ownership, effectiveness, efficiency, and clarity of purpose.
A surprisingly small amount of what we do each day, including the decisions we make, is voluntary. According a study at Duke University in 2006, 40% is based on habit, for better or for worse. As we look at the various concepts in this book, you’ll find that many fly in the face of your current habits.
Changing a habit can be difficult. In The Power of Habit: Why We Do What We Do in Life and Business, Charles Duhigg identifies three components of habit: cue, routine, and reward. These three components create a self-reinforcing loop. Duhigg argues that habits cannot be eliminated, only changed or replaced.
The key to changing a habit is to identify the cue. According to Duhigg, cues are generally found in five potential categories: location, time, emotional state, other people, or the immediately preceding action. Also look into the reward. Is the cookie really to satisfy hunger, or to create some other emotional response.
Once you understand the cue and underlying nature of the reward, you can create a new routine, tweaking the cue and perhaps changing the reward to still satisfy the intrinsic desire.